Climate change: a blessing or a curse for arctic region?
What influence climate change will have on our lives in the future is unknown. We do, however, know that it will have a significant influence on the environment and on our daily life as a whole.
What is climate change?
Climate change is the phenomenon where the climate on Earth is changing because of human activity or natural processes. The changes can be seen in the atmosphere, oceans, biosphere, and cryosphere.
How does it impact our lives?
We can already sense the consequences of climate change. For example, it occurs when we have more extreme weather conditions, such as storms and floods, or when we experience hotter than usual days, or when crops are unable to grow.
Shreds of evidence of Climate Change
- Global Temperature Rise: A rise of 1.62 degrees Fahrenheit (-16.88 degrees Celsius) in the planet’s average surface temperature during the late 19th century is due in part to increasing emissions of carbon dioxide and other man-made gases into the atmosphere.
- Warming Oceans: As a result of this increased heat, the seas have absorbed most of it, with the warming of more than 0.4 degrees Fahrenheit (-17.56 °C) since 1969.
- Shrinking Ice Sheets: Greenland and Antarctica’s ice sheets have shrunk in size. Between 1993 and 2016, Greenland lost an average of 286 billion tonnes of ice each year, whereas Antarctica lost an average of 127 billion tonnes of ice per year. Ice mass loss in Antarctica has quadrupled in the past decade.
- Glacial Retreat: Glaciers are retreating almost everywhere around the world — including in the Alps, Himalayas, Andes, Rockies, Alaska, and Africa.
- Decreased Snow Cover: According to satellite measurements, the quantity of spring snow cover in the Northern Hemisphere has reduced over the past five decades, and that the snow is melting faster.
- Sea Level Rise: In the previous century, the global sea-level rise by roughly 8 inches (20.32 cm) throughout the world As a result, it has roughly doubled in the previous two decades and is increasing somewhat every year.
- Extreme Events: The number of record high-temperature events in the United States has been increasing, while the number of record low-temperature events has been decreasing, since 1950. The U.S. has also witnessed increasing numbers of intense rainfall events.
- Ocean Acidification: During the Industrial Revolution, the acidity of ocean surface waters has risen by roughly 30%, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Due to humanity’s increased emissions of CO2, the seas are now holding more carbon dioxide than they did before. Approximately 2 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide per year are absorbed by the ocean’s top layer.
Short-term benefits for the Arctic circle nations
Russia: President Vladimir Putin acknowledged this in an interview with CNBC this spring.
“What I’m about to say may be unpopular… Climate change brings in more favorable conditions and improves the economic potential of [the Arctic] region,” he told the news channel.
Russia’s largest part, which is Siberia, will be available for agriculture and other mining processes due to its rich mineral deposits.
Its frozen coasts will be available for becoming trading routes and decrease the time taken between the travel between South Asia and Russia.
Mongolia: When the world temperature rises, Mongolia’s per capita GDP increases. Mongolia’s winters are brutally cold, and the cattle perish when the weather gets out of control.
Greenland: Greenland has a lot of mineral resources, therefore it stands to benefit greatly from global warming.
Canada: Just like Russia, Canada will also prosper in the times to come. Harsh winter will be decreased. By the year 2050 Canada could be enjoying newfound status as a global superpower blessed with a developed north, plenty of fresh water, a growing population and new shipping lanes through the Arctic.
These are just short term benefits, there are many humanitarian problems in these benefits.
According to the report, global warming would have a significant economic impact on some nations, such as Russia, Mongolia, and Canada. This would be better for much of Europe, but it would be worse for the United States and China The economists concluded that virtually all of Africa, Asia, South America, and the Middle East will be severely impacted.
This is like taking from the poor and giving to the rich.
- Solomon Hsiang, University of California Berkeley
We should not forget that as humans, we need to be united and fight climate change, because there are no long term benefits of climate change, soon poles will be more populated than the tropical regions.